Manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras

The Simorghian culture and Mithraism retained their power all the time even manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras in early Islamic Iran. manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Let us draw a comparison between manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Christianity and Mithraism. "A Study of Mithraism" 23 NOV ' [I? Dec 10,  · It was the organic growth of the needs of the people,” apud Scott Reid, A Bitter Trial: Evelyn Waugh and John Carmel Cardinal Heenan on the liturgical changes, London: St Austin Press, , pp. The text of the Mithras Liturgy is composed of two main parts: a liturgical mystery of ascent (lines ), and a set of instructions (lines ) for manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras the use of the mystery. What concepts must one have manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras in order to understand and explain the nature and purpose, the plan and actualizationPrice: $ Compendium of the Holy Week Revisions of Pius XII: Part 2 - The Masses of Palm Sunday, Holy Tuesday and Spy Wednesday Shawn Tribe We continue with Part II of Gregory DiPippo's consideration of the texts, ceremonies and history of the Holy Week ceremonies from before and after Pope Pius XII's reforms in May 01,  · manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Worship of the god Mithras became popular among Roman soldiers at its peak in the second and third centuries.

MITHRAISM FOR TODAY. MITHRAS - A brief description. FAQ. The liturgical books of manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras the Roman Rite are the official books containing the words to be recited and the actions to be performed in the celebration of Catholic liturgy as done in Rome. Handbook for Liturgical Studies: manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Fundamental Liturgy - Volume 2 (Handbook for Liturgical Studies) [Anscar J. KEITH F. A History of the worship of Mithras, and Mithraism as a Mystery Religion.

Zoroastrianism was a mere branch of the ancient Aryan religion in the Central Asia. MITHRAS - A brief description. GROUPS. 2, p.2,p). Chupungco OSB] on [HOST] *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. HISTORY. The first (Genesis 1) and third (Exodus ) are found in both the pre and post liturgical books.

(Nabarz, The Mysteries of Mithras, p). Mithraism Christianity 1. 2, p. Edited by Fr Philip T. manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras The liturgical books of the Roman Rite are the official books containing the words to be recited and the actions to be performed in the celebration of Catholic liturgy as done in Rome. 2, p. This initiated the church to the spirituality of Idolatory. A History of Zoroastrianism, Ch.

Sejarah di balik perayaan natal. a professor of ancient history at the Free University of Berlin, (cf. 2, p. What concepts must one have in order to understand and explain the nature manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras and purpose, the plan and actualization. 2, p. 3 The unique underground temples or Mithraea appear suddenly in the archaeology in the last.

Palazzo, A History of Liturgical Books (Liturgical Press) R. Bradshaw, The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship (SEARCH) M. "As the Mithras worship was such a rival of the early Christian worship, it may be added that in there was opened under the church of St. It is no less true that Our Predecessor Pius XII, of blessed memory, ordered by means of 16 november Acta Apostolicae Sedis 47 (), p.

day’,2 and on the other that the liturgical celebration of Holy Lent should be restored. Mithraism quickly became one of the most common religions in the Empire and did not start to decline until Roman Emperor Constantine's political support of catholic-christianity occurred around AD.2,p).Handbook for Liturgical Studies: Fundamental Liturgy - Volume 2 (Handbook for Liturgical Studies) [Anscar J. The mysteries of Mithras were not practiced until the 1st century AD. 1, 2, p, afterword) Terminology. Much of what we know about this religion comes from ancient reliefs and other sculptures.

7, K. Mithraic Studies vol. The reason for his astonishing candor was that he regarded his scheming not as something to be ashamed of, but to boast about. Bugnini was mistaken when he said.

The Simorghian culture and Mithraism retained their power all the time even in early Islamic Iran. Each issue of the Rosicrucian Digest provides members and No. 5 st leo the great, Sermo XXVII in Nativitate Domini 7, 1: pl 54, The Cantus Passionis of pre Holy Week differed from that of the Holy Week in a few texts, as well as in a Gospel proper, suppressed by the "reform," with its own special tone setting heard only during Holy Week.

celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the conqueror of manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras darkness" (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol.J. The text begins by invoking Providence (Pronoia) . Roman Catholic Liturgical Renewal Forty -Five Years after Sacrosanctum Concilium: An Assessment.

Torgerson and Lester Ruth (Note: The call numbers listed below are for the University of Notre Dame’s library and may not be applicable to your own.e. The Cantus Passionis of pre Holy Week differed from that of the Holy Week in a few texts, as well as in a Gospel proper, suppressed by the "reform," with its own special tone setting heard only during Holy Week. John R.

Next December 4 will mark manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras the forty -fifth anniversary of the promulgation of the Second Vatican Council’s Constitution on the Liturgy, Sacrosanctum Concilium, which the manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Council bishops. Jesus Christ was an intermediary between God and the people: "Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved" 2 2. PECKLERS, S. Degaya, has brought to the Church of Jesus Christ; the truth of the reality of Celebrating the birthday of Jesus Christ on every 8th of October, the. Dec 20, · Answers. HISTORY. Most notably, in several places, the new manner of .

Johnson, Sacraments and Worship (SW) E. James Society included clergy and laity of the Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States. Mithra was born on December 25 as told in the ^Great Religions of the World _, page ; it was the winter solstice celebrated. The Rites In the Novus Ordo Missae, many of the new rituals of Pius XII's Holy Week manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras reform were cancelled. Next December 4 will mark the forty -fifth anniversary of the promulgation of the Second Vatican Council’s Constitution on the Liturgy, Sacrosanctum Concilium, which the .

Mithraism, a sect of Zoroastrianism characterized by the worship of Mithra as the defender ofthe truth, was a monotheistic mystery. Let us draw a comparison between Christianity and Mithraism. Mithraism quickly became one of the most common religions in the Empire and did not start to decline until Roman Emperor Constantine's political support manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras of catholic-christianity occurred around AD. Protestant historian Henry Chadwick sums manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras up the controversy: "Moreover, early in the fourth century there begins in the West (where first and by whom is not known) the celebration of. A Comprehensive Bibliography y Thompson, Bard, ed. GIFT SHOP. Volume 1 of this indispensable liturgical manual includes the complete liturgical formulas for six of the seven sacraments and their ritual rubrics (in red print), followed by the traditional prayers in Latin and English and rubrics governing the proper ceremony to be observed in the various kinds of religious processions that fall under divine worship.

This coincided with the date of a celebration by the Romans to their primary god, the Sun, and to Mithras, a popular Persian sun god supposedly born on the same day. GIFT SHOP. Sejarah di balik perayaan natal. The text of the Mithras Liturgy is composed of two main parts: a liturgical mystery of ascent manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras (lines ), and a manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras set of instructions (lines ) for the use of the mystery.

" 1 But there is great dispute about whether there is really any link with Persia, and its origins are quite obscure. Christianity and Mithraism It is common fare among secularists and opponents of Christianity in general to cite alleged similarities between early Christianity and Mithraism as an argument that the Church adopted many of its beliefs and practices from one or more pagan mystery religions. EMAIL US. The Roman Rite of the Latin or Western Church of the Catholic Church is the most widely celebrated of the scores of Catholic liturgical rites.

This experiment was directed pri- marily toward substorm studies of both the E and F. James which had been in existence from until The membership of the St. The Rites In the Novus Ordo Missae, many of the new rituals of Pius XII's Holy Week reform were cancelled. Mithraism, also known as the Mithraic mysteries, was a Roman mystery religion centered on the god Mithras. Chupungco OSB] on [HOST] *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers., and that it soon became the popular cult. 88 - No. This is the first volume published in English of a series of International Handbooks of Catholic Theology under the general editorship of 1/5(1).

P. The Liturgical Movement began as a 19th-century movement of scholarship for the reform of worship within the Roman Catholic Church. The Church of Rome produces "Christians" by exactly the same method: Holy Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit (vitae spiritualis ianua), and the door which gives access to the other sacraments. James which had been in existence from until The membership of the St. 2 cups un-pasteurized honey Boil manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras the plant in the water for 3 minutes, cover and infuse for 3 hours. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. 7). (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol.

C. 2, p. Jesus Christ was an intermediary between God and the people: "Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved" 2 2. Roman Religion, Roman Cult of Mithras, Ancient Roman Topography TO CARRY THE UNIVERSE IN ONE’S OWN POCKET: A MINIATURE MITHRAIC RELIEF FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM IN SPLIT A miniature relief representing the scene of tauroctony, i.

Mithras killing the bull, is on dis- play in the Archaeological Museum in Split. Weller. Marvin Meyer divides the Mithras Liturgy into two sections: Lines – are a liturgy for the mystic ascent of the soul through seven stages, and – provide instructions on how to enact the liturgy. 67). “De solemni vigilia paschali instauranda,” Acta Apostolicae Sedis, February 9, , pp. Compendium of the Holy Week Revisions of Pius XII: Part 2 - The Masses of Palm Sunday, Holy Tuesday and Spy Wednesday Shawn Tribe We continue with Part II of Gregory DiPippo's consideration of the texts, ceremonies and history of the Holy Week ceremonies from before and after Pope Pius XII's reforms in (Manual of Liturgical History, ,vol.Mithraism and the Pagan Week. Taft, The Byzantine Rite: A Short History (Liturgical Press) - BR J.

Rosicrucian Digest No. StructureEdit. In antiquity, texts refer to "the mysteries of Mithras", and to its adherents, as "the mysteries of the Persians. The Mithraic Mysteries or Mysteries of Mithras (also Mithraism) was a mystery religion which became popular among the military in the Roman Empire, from the 1st to 4th centuries AD.

The Catholic writer Mario Righetti candidly admit that, "to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th of December as the feast of the birth of Christ to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the. NEWS. In Rome December 25 was made popular by Pope Liberius in and became the rule in the West in when the first "Christ mass" was officiated by Pope Sixtus III. This experiment was directed pri- marily toward substorm studies of both the E and F.

HB. White, Protestant Worship (Westminster/John Knox) - PW Highly Recommended. (Aoki. 2. Mithraism Freemasonry and The Ancient Mysteries by H Haywood.

Believes of Mithras Hundreds of years before Yeshua, according to the Mithraic religion, three Wise Men of Persia came to visit the baby savior-god Mithra, bring him gifts of gold, myrrh and frankincense. 67). 2, p. I. (Manual of Liturgical History, ,vol. FAQ. The following state­ment throws more light on the matter.

Marvin Meyer divides the Mithras Liturgy into two sections: Lines – are a liturgy for the mystic ascent of the soul through seven stages, and – provide instructions on how to enact the liturgy. GROUPS. Below are two files: the manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras cover page image and a PDF of the complete Cantus [HOST] office supply store can print both, at a reasonable price.

BOOKSTORE. The early liturgy probably developed as follows. EMAIL US. 67). Volume 19, Number 2, Pages , MITHRAS 2.

MITHRAEUM. Volume 19, Number 2, Pages , MITHRAS 2. 2, p. May 01, · Manfred Claus, a professor of ancient history manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras at the Free University of Berlin, also supports this position: “The mysteries cannot be shown to have developed from Persian religious ideas, nor does it make sense to interpret them as a forerunner of Christianity” (The Roman Cult of Mithras, p. ). The Roman Catholic writer Mario Righetti admits, "to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th of December as the feast of the birth of Christ to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the conqueror of darkness" (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol. (ancient Aryan) religion and Mithraism, the dark age for Ahura Mazda worshippers.

A History of Zoroastrianism, Ch. White Edited by: Mark A. Some time ago there appeared in The Ministry some articles I wrote concern­ing Mithraism and the introduction of the seven-day cycle into Roman usage. LITURGICAL HISTORY Early A survey of the early history of the liturgy reveals great richness in both its plurality and its organic dynamism, defying any neat categorizations of universal linear development. BOOKSTORE.

e. 2 Page 2 Who was Mithras and what are the Mithraic Mysteries? The festival of Mithras' birth was December 25th (Julian Calendar), manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras the winter solstice, and the rebirth of the sun's light.

The Catholic writer Mario Righetti candidly admit that, "to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th of December as the feast of the birth of Christ to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Mithras, manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras the. Mithra was an intermediary between God and the people. Sacred Congregation of Rites, General Decree and Instruction, Maxima Redemptionis, November 16, , Acta Apostolicae Sedis, vol. Constitution By-laws Manual of manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras The Af and Am Oregon by Author Unknown in Chronological History Vol 6 by A G Mackey. 4 The wealthy.

2, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, , p. Also described is the historical development of the liturgy in both Western and Eastern traditions. The festival of Mithras' birth was December 25th (Julian Calendar), the winter solstice, and the .J. Bradshaw, The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship (SEARCH) M.K. (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol. P.

"Indeed, one can go further and say that the portrayal of Mithras given by Cumont is manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras not merely unsupported by Iranian texts but is actually in serious conflict with known Iranian theology. James F. Mithraism is the worship of the god Mithras, best known as an ancient Roman Mystery Religion. Later, in , the official feast calendar of the time, De Pascha Computus, places the date of Christ's birth as March Christianity and Mithraism It is common fare among secularists and opponents of Christianity in general to cite alleged similarities between early Christianity and Mithraism as an argument that the Church adopted many of its beliefs and practices from one or more pagan mystery religions. The Roman Rite of the Latin or Western Church of the Catholic Church is the most manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras widely celebrated of the scores of Catholic liturgical .

Christmas Vol 1 3rd Ed V03 The Liturgical Year. Catholic texts. The Holyghostants World Missions by the Leadership of The Living Prophet Bishop K. V, This coincided with the date of a celebration by the Romans to their primary god, the Sun, and to Mithras, a popular Persian sun god supposedly born on the same day. This initiated the church to the spirituality of Idolatory.

47, p. Degaya, has brought to the Church of Jesus Christ; the truth of the reality of Celebrating the birthday of Jesus Christ on every 8th of October, the. According to Talmudic sources, the turns rotated every week until they reached the end of the sixth month, when the cycle was repeated again until the end of the year. Each issue of the Rosicrucian Digest provides members and all interested readers with a compendium of materials regarding the ongoing flow of the Rosicrucian Timeline.

Oct 02,  · Why wasn't Mary Stoned to Death? It has developed over the last century and a half and has affected many other Christian churches, including the Church of England and other churches of the Anglican Communion, and some Protestant churches. Palazzo, A History of Liturgical Books (Liturgical Press) R. GOD manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras THE FATHER. RESOURCES. Hinnells, "Reflections on the bull-slaying scene" in Mithraic manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras studies, vol. Furthermore, others say that He was born on the 24th or 25th of Pharmuthi" ("The Stromata, or Miscellanies," The Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol.

Dec 10, · Annibale Bugnini, La Riforma manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Liturgica: –, Liturgical Press, , p. The religion was inspired by Iranian worship of the Zoroastrian god Mithra, though the Greek Mithras was linked to a new and distinctive imagery, and the level of continuity between Persian and Greco-Roman practice is debated. RECONSTRUCTED HISTORICAL MITHRAISM. Cumont reconstructs a primordial life of the god on earth.K. . It was shown that Mithraism was introduced into the West in the first century B. DISCUSSION.

Roman Religion, Roman Cult of Mithras, Ancient Roman Topography TO CARRY THE UNIVERSE IN ONE’S OWN POCKET: A MINIATURE manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras MITHRAIC RELIEF FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM IN SPLIT A miniature relief representing the scene of tauroctony, i. The text begins by invoking Providence (Pronoia) and Psyche ("Soul") or in other readings Tyche. Mithraism, also known as the Mithraic mysteries, was a Roman manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras mystery religion centered on the god [HOST] religion was inspired by Iranian worship of the Zoroastrian god Mithra, though the Greek Mithras was linked to a new and distinctive manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras imagery, and the level of continuity between Persian and Greco-Roman practice is debated. (ancient Aryan) religion and Mithraism, the dark manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras age for Ahura Mazda worshippers. 2 Mysteria Mithrae. Roman Catholic Liturgical Renewal Forty -Five Years after Sacrosanctum Concilium: An Assessment. September-2) November [Chester, Pa. Mithraism is the worship of the god Mithras, best known as an ancient Roman Mystery Religion.

1, 2, p, afterword) Terminology. Biographies of saints and their liturgies are given on their feast days.] During the first semester of his second year at Crozer, King wrote this paper for Enslin's course on Greek religion. White, Protestant Worship (Westminster/John Knox) - PW Highly Recommended. History of Freemasonry - Its Legends and Traditions, Chronological History Vol 7 by A G Mackey. PECKLERS, S. 2 - Vol. Founded in , the Institute of Liturgical Studies at Valparaiso University was a continuation of the Liturgical Society of St.

2, p. (Article). James Society included clergy and laity of the Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States. Johnson, Sacraments and Worship (SW) E. Founded in , the Institute manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras of Liturgical Studies at Valparaiso University was a continuation of the Liturgical Society of St.

The articles, historical excerpts, art, and literature included in this Digest span the ages, and are not only interesting in themselves, but also seek to provide a lasting reference. the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the conqueror of manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras darkness" (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol. Dec 20,  · The Roman Catholic writer Mario Righetti candidly admits that, "to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th . The first (Genesis 1) and third (Exodus ) are found in both the pre and post liturgical books. KEITH F. The Roman Catholic writer Mario Righetti candidly admits that, “to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th of December as the feast of the birth of Christ to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the ‘Invincible Sun’ Mithras, the conqueror of darkness” (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol.

The Roman Catholic writer Mario manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Righetti candidly admits that, "to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th of December as the feast of the birth of Messiah to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the conqueror of darkness" (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol. 67). Most notably, in several places, the new manner of saying the prayers and readings has been abolished. (Aoki. Jan 08,  · The Mithras Liturgy may thus illustrate a direction taken by those carrying on the Mithras tradition in Egypt.

"Welcome to Heaven, Please Watch Your Step": The "Mithras Liturgy" and the Homeric Quotations in the Paris Papyrus Mark Stoholski Helios, Volume 34, Number 1, Spring , pp. Mithra was born on December 25 as told in the ^Great Religions of the World _, page ; it was the winter solstice celebrated. RECONSTRUCTED HISTORICAL MITHRAISM. Oct 19,  · Church's Liturgy (Handbooks of Catholic Theology) [Michael Kunzler] on [HOST] *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Mithras killing the bull, is on dis- play in the Archaeological Museum in Split. Initially there were two forms of divine Service, on the one hand the service of the word, with readings, sermon and manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras prayers, and on manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras the other hand the liturgical meal, that is, the Eucharist manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras incorporated in a meal.

Liturgical History Bibliography, page 1 Bibliography for Liturgical History Source: Dr. Taft, The Byzantine Rite: A Short History (Liturgical Press) - BR J. The celebration of Christmas is viewed by many as the participation in an essentially pagan festival made blasphemous by inserting Christ into the place of honour previously reserved for pagan gods. The Holyghostants World Missions by the Leadership of The Living Prophet Bishop K.

Mithraism Christianity 1. 2, p. Information on the cult is based mainly on interpretations of the many surviving monuments. The series describes the liturgy of the Catholic Church throughout the liturgical year, including the Mass and the Divine Office.

Zoroastrianism was a mere branch of the ancient Aryan religion in the Central Asia. Because of the Roman penchant for on the coast, around 67 bce. ). The Liturgical Movement began as a 19th-century movement of scholarship for the reform of worship within the Roman Catholic [HOST] has developed over the last century and a half and has affected many other Christian churches, including the Church of England and other churches of the manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Anglican Communion, and some Protestant churches.

StructureEdit. The Mithras Liturgy may thus illustrate a direction taken by those carrying on the Mithras tradition in Egypt. Strain the decoction, and then gently melt the honey, without bringing to a boil, for 5 minutes. manual of liturgical history 1955 vol 2 p 67 mithras Clement at Rome, and made accessible to visitors, the foundations of a temple of Mithras built during the reign of Augustus. 67). The Catholic directory, almanac and clergy list, The Manual Of The Holy Catholic Church, Volume 2 Digitized by Center for Research Libraries TABLE OF CONTENTS THE BEAUTIFUL TEACHINGS OF THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH GOD THE CREATOR CHAPTER I.

67). celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the conqueror of darkness" (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol. 2, p. MITHRAISM FOR TODAY. Believes of Mithras Hundreds of years before Yeshua, according to the Mithraic religion, three Wise Men of Persia came to visit the baby savior-god Mithra, bring him gifts of gold, myrrh and frankincense.

The celebration of Christmas is viewed by many as the participation in an essentially pagan festival made blasphemous by inserting Christ into the place of honour previously reserved for pagan gods. pg. Mithra was an intermediary between God and the people. RESOURCES. NEWS. These turns began in the first month of the Jewish calendar (1 Chronicles ), March or April of our modern calendar.

DISCUSSION. 67). The Roman Catholic writer Mario Righetti admits, "to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th of December as the feast of the birth of Christ to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the conqueror of darkness" (Manual of Liturgical History, , Vol.


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